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Environmental medicine : annual report of the Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University

Effect of estrogen and tail-suspension on expression of osteocalcin mRNA in femur of ovariectomized rats.


PMID 12353530

Abstract

We investigated the effect of estrogen (E2) and tail-suspension on expression of osteocalcin (OC) mRNA in the femur of ovariectomized rats. Five-week-old female Wistar rats were ovariectomized and divided into two groups: one group received estradiol dipropionate (OVX-E2), and the other received the vehicle (OVX). Each group was further divided into two subgroups, tail-suspended (S) and non-suspended (N), giving a total of four groups: OVX-E2-S, OVX-E2-N, OVX-S and OVX-N. After a 7-day suspension, femurs were excised, and OC mRNA levels were determined by Northern blot analysis. A significant decrease of OC mRNA in OVX-E2-N was observed when compared with that of OVX-N, indicating that E2 decreases the OC expression. Interestingly, tail-suspension further decreased the mRNA levels in both OVX-S and OVX-E2-S when compared with the levels of OVX-N and OVX-E2-N, respectively. Since glucocorticoids have been shown to decrease OC expression, we also measured the urinary excretion of corticosterone during the suspension period that reflects the serum levels of corticosterone, and found that it was increased by E2 and further increased by tail-suspension. These results indicate that estrogen and glucocorticoids exert additive effects in inhibiting OC expression in the rat femur.