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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Isolation of differentially expressed genes in human heart tissues.


PMID 12393179

Abstract

We applied RNA arbitrarily primed-PCR (RAP-PCR) to screen the genes differentially expressed between common congenital heart defects (CHD) [atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, Tetrology of Fallot (TOF)] and normal human heart samples. Three of these differentially amplified fragments matched cDNA sequences coding for proteins of unknown function in humans: hCALO (human homologue of calossin), NP79 (coding for a nuclear protein of 79KD) and SUN2 (Sad-1 unc-84 domain protein 2). The other four fragments were from known human genes: apolipoprotein J, titin, dystrophin and protein kinase C-delta. Northern blot analysis confirmed that all of these genes are expressed in the human heart. The results of RAP-PCR were reconfirmed by quantitative RT-PCR in TOF and control heart samples. Both techniques showed the levels of expression of hCALO, NP79 and SUN2 to be comparable in TOF and control samples and the level of expression of dystrophin and titin, both coding for cytoskeletal proteins, to be significantly upregulated in TOF samples. In summary, we have shown that the RAP-PCR technique is useful in the identification of differentially expressed gene from biopsy samples of human CHD tissues. In this manner, we have identified three novel genes implicated in the normal function of the human heart and two known genes upregulated in TOF samples.

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