Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Pharmacokinetic and mass balance study of unlabelled and (14)C-labelled emedastine difumarate in healthy volunteers.

PMID 12396273


1. In a mass balance study, six healthy male volunteers received a single oral dose of 4 mg (14)C-labelled emedastine difumarate. The pharmacokinetics of the total radioactivity and unchanged drug were assessed over 48 h. Urinary and faecal excretion were measured over 120 h. Additionally, urinary metabolites were investigated. 2. In a single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetic study, nine male and nine female healthy volunteers received 2 mg oral emedastine difumarate b.i.d. or 4 mg o.d. for 7 consecutive days. The plasma pharmacokinetics were assessed on day 1 and at steady-state. 3. The mass balance study demonstrated almost complete gastrointestinal absorption of the administered dose. A total of 94.2% of the radioactivity was eliminated via the kidneys. Unchanged emedastine in the urine accounted for <5% of dose. 5-Hydroxy, 6-hydroxy and N-oxide metabolites previously identified in the Japanese were present in Caucasian subjects. 4. AUC after single and multiple dosing were dose-proportional. On day 7, no statistical difference in AUC(0-24) could be detected between the two regimens, with AUC = 70.6 +/- 36.1 and 71.7 +/- 52.3 ng h ml(-1), respectively. There were no gender differences in the pharmacokinetics of emedastine. 5. The results corroborate the use of emedastine in a Caucasian population and support the extrapolation of safety and efficacy data from Asians to Caucasians.

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Y0000537 Emedastine difumarate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard