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Life sciences

Resveratrol- induced apoptosis is mediated by p53-dependent pathway in Hep G2 cells.


PMID 12409142

Abstract

Resveratrol, a phytoalexin found in many plants, has been reported to possess a wide range of pharmacological properties and is one of the promising chemopreventive agents for cancer. Here, we examined the antiproliferation effect of resveratrol in two human liver cancer cell lines, Hep G2 and Hep 3B. Our results showed that resveratrol inhibited cell growth in p53-positive Hep G2 cells only. This anticancer effect was a result of cellular apoptotic death induced by resveratrol via the p53-dependent pathway. Here we demonstrated that the resveratrol-treated cells were arrested in G1 phase and were associated with the increase of p21 expression. In addition, we also illustrated that the resveratrol-treated cells had enhanced Bax expression but they were not involved in Fas/APO-1 apoptotic signal pathway. In contrast, the p53-negative Hep 3B cells treated with resveratrol did not show the antiproliferation effect neither did they show significant changes in p21 nor Fas/APO-1 levels. In summary, our study demonstrated that the resveratrol effectively inhibited cell growth and induced programmed cell death in Hepatoma cells on a molecular basis. Furthermore, these results implied that resveratrol might also be a new potent chemopreventive drug candidate for liver cancer as it played an important role to trigger p53-mediated molecules involved in the mechanism of p53-dependent apoptotic signal pathway.

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