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Journal of molecular graphics & modelling

QSAR studies of the pyrethroid insecticides. Part 3. A putative pharmacophore derived using methodology based on molecular dynamics and hierarchical cluster analysis.


PMID 12413028

Abstract

Previous studies of the conformational behaviour of a group of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides have been extended to a more structurally diverse set. This includes compounds with different backbones and differing stereochemistry, with both Types I and II biological activity. These compounds also encompass a large range of biological activities. A parameterisation of the CHARMM force field for these compounds has been performed and the extra parameters are reported. Conformational sampling, using molecular dynamics (MD), has been performed for each of the 41 active structures. The accessible conformations of each have been characterised by the values of the common torsion angles using hierarchichal cluster analysis (HCA). A further CA, based on the centroids derived from the conformational sampling, identified a conformation common to at least 39 of the 41 structures. The critical torsion angles of this conformation lie at the centre of the molecule about the ester linkage and are defining an extended conformation, which differs from the minimum energy conformation of deltamethrin used previously. This may represent a putative pharmacophore for kill. The methods used here improve significantly on those used previously. The CHARMM force field was parameterised for the compounds and an improved method of conformational sampling, based on centroid clustering, has also been used.

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