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Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine

[99mTc]Technetium labelled PnAo-azomycin glucuronides: a novel class of imaging markers of tissue hypoxia.


PMID 12433047

Abstract

Azomycin glucuronate was coupled to a PnAO ligand to create azomycin-based ligands that would form water-soluble 99mTc-azomycin complexes for imaging hypoxic tissue. 1-beta-D-(2-Nitroimidazolyl)glucuronic acid, (see structure in text), was synthesized by coupling 2-nitroimidazole with 1-alpha-bromo-2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-6-methyl glucuronate, followed by deprotection. Reaction of (see structure in text) with 6-methyl-6-methylamino-HMPnAO (Pn-44) in the presence of BOP reagent in anhydrous dimethyl sulfoxide afforded the PnAO-glucuronides (see structure in text) and (see structure in text). Compound (see structure in text) was isolated in three rotomeric forms. Biological evaluation of (see structure in text) (99mTc-5) indicated selective binding to hypoxic EMT-6 cells, and cytotoxicity to fibroblasts and HeLa, sk24, sk23, and g361 cancer cell lines, at an IC20 <2.5 microgram/ml. In vivo biodistribution of two formulations of (see structure in text) in Balb/c mice with EMT-6 tumor produced diverse results, with one formulation showing no tumor preference, and the other providing a tumor/blood ratio of 2.3 at 4 h post-injection. The latter formulation delineated tumor, large intestine and liver in scintigraphic images.

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195650
2-Nitroimidazole, 98%
C3H3N3O2