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Archives of pharmacal research

Synthesis and cytotoxicity of some rigid derivatives of methyl 2,5-dihydroxycinnamate.


PMID 12433188

Abstract

Eight rigid compounds designed as esterase-stable analogues of methyl 2,5-dihydroxycinnamate (1) were synthesized. These derivatives include 2-(2',5'-dihydroxybenzylidene)cyclopentenone (3a), 2-(2',5'-dihydroxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (3b), 2,6-bis(2',5'-dihydroxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (4b), 2,6-bis(2',5'-dihydroxybenzylidene)cyclopentenone (4a), (E)-3-(2',5'-dihydroxybenzylidene)pyrrolidin-2-one (5), (E)-5-(2',5'-dihydroxybenzylidene)-1,2-isothiazolidine-1,1-dioxide (6), 4-(2',5'-dihydroxyphenyl)-5H-furan-2-one (7), and 3-(2',5'-dihydroxyphenyl)cyclopent-2-ene-1-one (8). Among the eight compounds, the furanone 7 and cyclopentenone 8 showed the most potent cytotoxicity with IC50 values of 0.39-0.98 microg/mL. Compound 8 was further brominated, phenylated and methylated at the alpha position to give three corresponding analogues, including 2-bromo-3-(2',5'-dihydroxyphenyl)cyclopent-2-ene-1-one (24), 3-(2',5'-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylcyclopent-2-ene-1-one (27), and 3-(2',5'-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-methylcyclopent-2-ene-1-one (28). Among the three, the most enhanced activity was observed with the phenylated compound 27.