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Arzneimittel-Forschung

High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of oxatomide and its metabolite and its application to pharmacokinetic study in rat plasma.


PMID 12442638

Abstract

Oxatomide (CAS 60607-34-3) is an antiallergic agent effective against allergic rhinitis, urticaria, pruritus dermatitis, eczema dermatitis and bronchial asthma. The aim of this study was to establish the method for simultaneously determining oxatomide and its major metabolite M-11 in human serum, human plasma and rat plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The method was applied to study the influences of alimentation on pharmacokinetics of oxatomide in rats. After extracting oxatomide and its metabolite M-11 from human serum, human plasma or rat plasma with diethyl ether under alkaline condition, sulfuric acid was added to the organic layer and oxatomide and M-11 were back-extracted. The aqueous layers were analysed by HPLC equipped with a fluorimetric detector. The method was highly sensitive and precise for quantitation of oxatomide and M-11 in human serum, human plasma and rat plasma in the concentration range of 1 to 125 ng/ml. Plasma concentration of oxatomide decreased biphasically with an elimination half-life (T1/2) of 1.59 h after intravenous administration of oxatomide (1 mg/kg) to non-fasting male rats. After oral administration of oxatomide (30 mg/kg) to fasting male rats, plasma concentration of oxatomide increased rapidly, and reached the maximum concentration of 188 ng/ml (Cmax) at 1.0 h. Plasma concentration of oxatomide decreased monophasically. The T1/2 was 2.58 h. The bioavailability was 6.74%. Plasma concentration of M-11 increased rapidly, and reached Cmax of 64.3 ng/ml at 0.7 h, and decreased monophasically with T1/2 of 3.79 h. After oral administration of oxatomide to non-fasting male rats, plasma concentration of oxatomide reached Cmax of 378 ng/ml at 3.3 h. The T1/2 was 3.27 h and the bioavailability was 17.5%. The Cmax and AUC0-infinity of M-11 were larger than those after oral administration of oxatomide to fasting male rats. These results demonstrated the usefulness of this method for monitoring and basic examination of biological samples and the influence of alimentation on absorption of oxatomide. Determination of plasma oxatomide concentrations would provide a useful indication of therapeutic efficacy.

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O9387 Oxatomide, ≥99%
C27H30N4O