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Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP

Sex-dependent pharmacokinetics of S(-)-hydroxyhexamide, a pharmacologically active metabolite of acetohexamide, in rats.


PMID 12458186

Abstract

The pharmacokinetic profile of S(-)-hydroxyhexamide (S-HH), a pharmacologically active metabolite of acetohexamide, was examined in male and female rats. S-HH was eliminated more rapidly from plasma in the males than in the females. A significant sex difference was observed in the pharmacokinetic parameters of S-HH in rats. Testectomy caused significant alteration in these parameters of S-HH in male rats, whereas ovariectomy did not in the females. The co-administration of sulfamethazine significantly decreased the plasma clearance (CL(p)) of S-HH in male rats, but had no effect in the females. The plasma concentrations of acetohexamide generated from S-HH showed no sex-related difference. Furthermore, there was no difference in the accumulation of S-HH by renal cortical slices from male and female rats. We propose the possibility that the sex-dependent pharmacokinetics of S-HH in rats is mediated through the male-specific hydroxylation of the cyclohexyl ring catalyzed by a major cytochrome p450 (CYP) isoform (CYP2C11), although the detailed mechanism remains to be elucidated.

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A178
Acetohexamide, analytical standard
C15H20N2O4S