FEBS letters

Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate is a potent antioxidant against hypochlorous acid-induced protein damage.

PMID 12459467


The antioxidant potential of the dithiol compound pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) against protein damage induced by hypochlorous acid (HOCl) was investigated. The effects of PDTC were compared to those of reduced glutathione (GSH) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC). PDTC markedly and in a concentration-dependent manner inhibited HOCl-induced inactivation of alpha(1)-antiproteinase, protein carbonyl formation on serum albumin and oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein. The direct scavenging of HOCl by PDTC was demonstrated by two quantitative methods, oxidation of ferrocyanide and chlorination of monochlorodimedon. In all assay systems, PDTC was two to three times more potent than GSH and NAC, while diethyldithiocarbamate was about as effective as PDTC. These data demonstrate that PDTC is a potent antioxidant against HOCl-induced protein oxidative damage, suggesting that PDTC might be useful in the prevention and treatment of inflammatory conditions.