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Journal of the American Chemical Society

Position-specific incorporation of a fluorophore-quencher pair into a single streptavidin through orthogonal four-base codon/anticodon pairs.


PMID 12465968

Abstract

Four-base codon strategy was applied to incorporate a fluorophore-quencher pair into specific positions on a single protein; beta-anthraniloyl-L-alpha,beta-diaminopropionic acid (atnDap) was employed as a fluorophore and p-nitrophenylalanine (ntrPhe) as a quencher. Their positions were directed by the CGGG/CCCG and GGGC/CCCG four-base codon/anticodon pairs and two doubly mutated streptavidins, i.e., ((52)atnDap, (84)ntrPhe) and ((54)ntrPhe, (84)atnDap) mutants were synthesized through Escherichia coli in vitro protein synthesizing systems. Intramolecular photoinduced electron transfer (ET) was observed as the decrease of intensity in steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy and as the shortening of fluorescence decaytimes. The quenching data indicated that the ET rate reflects the detailed structure of the protein.

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