European journal of biochemistry

Microperoxidase 8 catalysed nitrogen oxides formation from oxidation of N-hydroxyguanidines by hydrogen peroxide.

PMID 12492474


Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent intra- and intercellular messenger involved in the control of vascular tone, neuronal signalling and host response to infection. In mammals, NO is synthesized by oxidation of l-arginine catalysed by hemeproteins called NO-synthases with intermediate formation of Nomega-hydroxy-l-arginine (NOHA). NOHA and some hydroxyguanidines have been shown to be able to deliver nitrogen oxides including NO in the presence of various oxidative systems. In this study, NOHA and a model compound, N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N'-hydroxyguanidine, were tested for their ability to generate NO in the presence of a haemprotein model, microperoxidase 8 (MP8), and hydrogen peroxide. Nitrite and nitrate production along with selective formation of 4-chlorophenylcyanamide was observed from incubations of N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N'-hydroxyguanidine in the presence of MP8 and hydrogen peroxide. In the case of NOHA, the corresponding cyanamide, Ndelta-cyano-L-ornithine, was too unstable under the conditions used and l-citrulline was the only product identified. A NO-specific conversion of 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide to 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl and formation of MP8-Fe-NO complexes were observed by EPR spectroscopy and low-temperature UV/visible spectroscopy, respectively. These results clearly demonstrate the formation of nitrogen oxides including NO from the oxidation of exogenous hydroxyguanidines by hydrogen peroxide in the presence of a minienzyme such as MP8. The importance of the bioactivation of endogenous (NOHA) or exogenous N-hydroxyguanidines by peroxidases of physiological interest remains to be established in vivo.

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Hydroxyguanidine sulfate salt
CH5N3O · 0.5H2O4S