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Journal of hazardous materials

Microbial stability evaluation of cement-based waste forms at different waste to cement ratio.


PMID 12493216

Abstract

An evaluation of the effect of differences in chromium nitrate to cement ratio on the microbial stability of a chromium nitrate/cement waste form, as reflected in the leaching of chromium, calcium, magnesium and aluminum; was carried out in this study. An increase in the proportion of chromium in the waste form from 4.8 to 8.7% had no noticeable effect on microbial stability, with the total chromium leached essentially unchanged. Further increases in the proportion of chromium in the waste form from 8.7 to 10.7%, and from 10.7 to 15.9% resulted in a substantial decrease in microbial stability, with 3-fold and 1.3-fold increase in the total chromium leached, respectively, observed. For calcium, increases in the chromium proportion were accompanied with increases in the total calcium leached even though the increases were not in direct proportion to the increases in chromium proportion. For magnesium and aluminum, increases in the proportion of chromium within the range 4.8-10.7% were accompanied with increases in the total respective metals leached, with minor variation for each metal. On the whole, the maximum percentage chromium leached from the different waste forms was substantially lower than those of the other metals.

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