Cancer research

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-mediated apoptosis is an important endogenous mechanism for resistance to liver metastases in murine renal cancer.

PMID 12517799


Recent reports have suggested that the death ligand tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) may partially limit the formation of hepatic metastases of a variety of mouse tumors, and the major source of TRAIL in the liver was shown to be local natural killer cells. We isolated a clone (R331) of the murine renal cancer cell line Renca that was strikingly more sensitive to both Fas and TRAIL death receptor-mediated apoptosis in vitro. R331 grew in tissue culture in vitro at a rate similar to that of the parental Renca cell line but formed larger and more numerous colonies than parental Renca in soft agar. After s.c. implantation, R331 tumors progressed more rapidly than parental Renca tumors. However, R331 formed far fewer lung and liver metastases in wild-type (WT) BALB/c mice. Administration of antibodies that neutralized TRAIL dramatically increased the number of R331 liver metastases. Furthermore, numbers of R331 liver metastases were much greater in TRAIL(-/-) than in WT BALB/c mice. In contrast, no difference was seen in numbers of lung metastases when comparing TRAIL(-/-) and WT mice, suggesting that the antitumor effects of TRAIL in vivo were compartment specific. Transfection of cellular Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme inhibitory protein into R331 increased the numbers of liver metastases in BALB/c mice by up to 10-fold, indicating that local TRAIL in the liver was directly mediating tumor cell apoptosis. These organ-specific differences in the endogenous levels of death ligands may apply different selective pressures on the development of liver or lung metastases. Consequently, the efficacy of TRAIL therapy may vary depending on the location of the tumor metastases.

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