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The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

Metoclopramide for migration of naso-enteral tube.


PMID 12519594

Abstract

Enteral alimentation by feeding tube is a common problem and an efficient method of providing nutritional support to hospitalized patients with insufficient oral intake, but adequate gastrointestinal function. The use of metoclopramide, a prokinetic agent, has been recommended to achieve transpyloric placement, but its efficacy is controversial. To determine the effect of intravenous metoclopramide on transpyloric passage of the naso-enteral tube. Relevant RCTs were identified by electronic search through MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases. Adults needing enteral nutrition. Types of intervention: Intravenous or intramuscular metoclopramide compared to placebo or no intervention. Types of studies: Randomised controlled trials. Types of outcome measures: The success of migration of transpyloric intubation. The reviewers evaluated the allocation concealment, which was classified as adequate, uncertain or inadequate. Two reviewers extracted the data independently. All analyses were performed according to the intention-to-treat method. Four studies were included and analysed. There was no statistically significant difference between intravenous or intramuscular metoclopramide administered to promote the tube migration (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.33 to 1.28). Intravenous metoclopramide 10 mg (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.23) and 20 mg (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.01 to 10.84) were equally ineffective in facilitating transpyloric intubation. Four studies were included and analysed. There was no statistically significant difference between intravenous or intramuscular metoclopramide administered to promote the tube migration (OR 0.65, 95% CI 0.33 to 1.28). Intravenous metoclopramide 10 mg (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.23) and 20 mg (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.01 to 10.84) were equally ineffective in facilitating transpyloric intubation.

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