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Biochemistry

Rhodobacter capsulatus 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase: steady-state kinetics and substrate binding.


PMID 12549936

Abstract

1-Deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase (DXP synthase) catalyzes the thiamine diphosphate (TPP)-dependent condensation of pyruvate and d-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) to yield DXP in the first step of the methylerythritol phosphate pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis. Steady-state kinetic constants for DXP synthase calculated from the initial velocities measured at varying concentrations of substrates were as follows: k(cat) = 1.9 +/- 0.1 s(-1), K(m)(GAP) = 0.068 +/- 0.001 mM, and K(m)(pyruvate) = 0.44 +/- 0.05 mM for pyruvate and GAP; k(cat) = 1.7 +/- 0.1 s(-1), K(m)(d-glyceraldehyde) = 33 +/- 3 mM, and K(m)(pyruvate) = 1.9 +/- 0.5 mM for d-glyceraldehyde and pyruvate. beta-Fluoropyruvate was investigated as a dead-end inhibitor for pyruvate. Double-reciprocal plots showed a competitive inhibition pattern with respect to pyruvate and noncompetitive inhibition with respect to GAP/d-glyceraldehyde. (14)CO(2) trapping experiments demonstrated that the binding of both substrates (pyruvate and GAP/d-glyceraldehyde) is required for the formation of a catalytically competent enzyme-substrate complex. These results are consistent with an ordered mechanism for DXP synthase where pyruvate binds before GAP/d-glyceraldehyde.

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F4004
β-Fluoropyruvic acid sodium salt monohydrate, ≥98%
C3H2FNaO3 · H2O