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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Isolation and characterization of a new advanced glycation endproduct of dehydroascorbic acid and lysine.


PMID 12595094

Abstract

Proteins are subject of posttranslational modification by sugars and their degradation products in vivo. The process is often referred as glycation. L-Dehydroascorbic acid (DHA), an oxidation product of L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C), is known as a potent glycation agent. A new product of modification of lysine epsilon -amino group by DHA was discovered as a result of the interaction between Boc-Lys and dehydroascorbic acid. The chromatographic and spectral analyses revealed that the structure of the product was 1-(5-ammonio-5-carboxypentyl)-3-oxido-4-(hydroxymethyl)pyridinium. The same compound was isolated from DHA modified calf lens protein after hydrolysis and chromatographic separation. The study confirmed that L-erythrulose is an important intermediate of modification of proteins by DHA. The structure of the reported product and in vitro experiments suggested that L-erythrulose could further transform to L-threose, L-erythrose and glycolaldehyde under conditions similar to physiological. The present study revealed that the modification of epsilon -amino groups of lysine residues by DHA is a complex process and could involve a number of reactive carbonyl species.

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359661
H-Lys(Boc)-OH, ≥95%
C11H22N2O4