European biophysics journal : EBJ

Effects of membranotropic agents on mono- and multilayer structures of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine.

PMID 12602341


We have studied the action of some membranotropic agents (MTAs) on the parameters of mono- and multilayers of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). The MTAs used included an antimicrobial drug, decamethoxinum, the model amphiphilic agent stearoyl-L-alpha-alanine, and cholesterol as a reference substance. Using differential scanning calorimetry and the Langmuir monolayer technique, we measured the temperature and enthalpy of the main phase transition of DPPC, the mean molecular area, the collapse pressure and the free energy of the mixed monolayers of DPPC and MTA. A good correlation has been obtained between the structure of the MTA used and changes in the parameters of both mono- and multilayers. Thus, for cholesterol, its well-known condensing effect in the L alpha phase correlates with its behavior in the mixed monolayers. The disturbing action of decamethoxinum (depression of the phase transition in DPPC multilayers and relatively high free energy of mixing in monolayers) is presumably connected with interaction of its charged ammonium moieties with polar phospholipid heads. At the same time, stearoyl-L-alpha- alpha-alanine condensed the lipid layers and increased the melting point of DPPC, owing to its interaction with both polar and non-polar lipid moieties. One can conclude that the three MTAs used can really be considered as representative examples of three different types of behavior in mono- and multilayers.

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