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European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V

Synthesis, characterization and in vitro release of 5-aminosalicylic acid and 5-acetyl aminosalicylic acid of polyanhydride--P(CBFAS).


PMID 12637098

Abstract

A novel polyanhydride, poly[(5-carboxybutyl formamide)-2-acetyl salicylic anhydride] (P(CBFAS)), with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) incorporated into the polymer backbone was synthesized and characterized by infrared, (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance, differential scanning calorimetry, vapor pressure osmometry, etc. The polyanhydride was subjected to degradation and simultaneously released 5-ASA and its derivative 5-acetyl aminosalicylic acid (5-acetyl ASA) in vitro under various conditions. The factors influencing the release profiles of 5-ASA and 5-acetyl ASA, including polymer molecular weights, pH value, enzyme and rat gastrointestinal contents, were examined. The results showed that the release rate of 5-ASA and 5-acetyl ASA increases with increasing pH value and with decreasing molecular weights. In PBS (pH 8.0, 37 degrees C) total ASA released was 8.0% for P(CBFAS)(1) (Mn 10770) in 13 h, but only 1.1 and 2.6% at pH 2.0 and 6.5, respectively. Enzymes including pepsin and trypsin, as well as rat gastric and jejunum contents had little effect on the release rate of 5-ASA and 5-acetyl ASA at pH 2.0 and 6.5 (less than 4% in 13 h). However, the release rate of 5-ASA and 5-acetyl ASA was much fast in PBS(pH 8.0) containing 5% of cecal contents, the total ASA released was 13.6% for the polymer in 13 h. Considering the high drug loading of the polymer (50.2% of 5-ASA moieties in the backbones) and the degradation characters, it is possible to reach high local concentration of 5-ASA in the colon site via oral administration. Therefore, P(CBFAS) may be potentially useful in the colon specific delivery of 5-ASA.

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