Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems

Non-synonymous single nucleotide alterations in the microsomal epoxide hydrolase gene and their functional effects.

PMID 12637245


1. By sequencing genomic DNA from 72 established cell lines derived from Japanese individuals, we detected 25 single nucleotide alterations in the microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) gene. Of them, five were exonic alterations resulting in amino acid alterations (77C>G, T26S; 128G>C, R43T; 337T>C, Y113H; 416A>G, H139R; 823A>G, T275A). The T26S, R43T, Y113H and H139R substitutions were found at relatively high frequencies and seemed to be polymorphic, and T26S and T275A were novel. 2. To examine the effects of these amino acid alterations on EPHX1 function, EPHX1 cDNA constructs of wild-type and five variants were transfected into COS-1 cells, and their hydrolytic activities for cis-stilbene oxide were determined in vitro. Although all of the transfectants expressed EPHX1 mRNA and protein at similar levels, the variant H139R protein was expressed at a significantly higher level (128% of the wild-type). K(m) values were not significantly different between the wild-type and variants. 3. Increase (140%) in the enzymatic activity (V(max)) of the variant H139R was accompanied by the increased EPHX1 protein level without any significant change in the intrinsic EPHX1 activity. On the other hand, the variant R43T showed increased values for V(max) and clearance (V(max)/K(m)) (around 130%) both on a microsomal protein basis and on a EPHX1 protein basis. 4. These results suggest that R43T as well as H139R increase epoxide hydrolase activity.

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cis-Stilbene oxide, 97%
trans-Stilbene oxide, 98%