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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Synthesis and SAR of novel di- and trisubstituted 1,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2,3-diones related to licostinel (Acea 1021) as NMDA/glycine site antagonists.


PMID 12659763

Abstract

A series of novel di- and trisubstituted 1,4-dihydroquinoxaline-2,3-diones (QXs) related to licostinel (Acea 1021) was synthesized and evaluated as antagonists for the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-asparate (NMDA) receptor. The in vitro potency of these antagonists was determined by displacement of the glycine site radioligand [(3)H]-5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid ([(3)H]DCKA) in rat brain cortical membranes. Structure-activity relationship studies indicate that a cyano group is a good replacement for the nitro group in the 5-position of licostinel while 5-carboxy, 5-ester, 5-ketone and 5-amide derivatives showed reduced potency. 5,6-Cyclized analogues of licostinel also showed significantly reduced potency. Among the trisubstituted QXs investigated, 5-cyano-6,7-dichloro QX and 5-cyano-7-chloro-6-methyl QX are the most potent with IC(50) values of 32 nM and 26 nM, respectively.