EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

Targeting nucleotide-requiring enzymes: implications for diazoxide-induced cardioprotection.


PMID 12666660

Abstract

Modulation of mitochondrial respiratory chain, dehydrogenase, and nucleotide-metabolizing enzyme activities is fundamental to cellular protection. Here, we demonstrate that the potassium channel opener diazoxide, within its cardioprotective concentration range, modulated the activity of flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent succinate dehydrogenase with an IC50 of 32 microM and reduced the rate of succinate-supported generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in heart mitochondria. 5-Hydroxydecanoic fatty acid circumvented diazoxide-inhibited succinate dehydrogenase-driven electron flow, indicating a metabolism-dependent supply of redox equivalents to the respiratory chain. In perfused rat hearts, diazoxide diminished the generation of malondialdehyde, a marker of oxidative stress, which, however, increased on diazoxide washout. This effect of diazoxide mimicked ischemic preconditioning and was associated with reduced oxidative damage on ischemia-reperfusion. Diazoxide reduced cellular and mitochondrial ATPase activities, along with nucleotide degradation, contributing to preservation of myocardial ATP levels during ischemia. Thus, by targeting nucleotide-requiring enzymes, particularly mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase and cellular ATPases, diazoxide reduces ROS generation and nucleotide degradation, resulting in preservation of myocardial energetics under stress.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

124753
Succinamide, 98%
C4H8N2O2