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Journal of the American Chemical Society

1H fast MAS NMR studies of hydrogen-bonding interactions in self-assembled monolayers.


PMID 12670240

Abstract

The structures formed by the adsorption of carboxyalkylphosphonic acids on metal oxides were investigated by (1)H fast magic angle spinning (MAS), heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR), and (1)H double-quantum (DQ) MAS solid-state NMR experiments. The diacids HO(2)C(CH(2))(n)PO(3)H(2) (n = 2, 3, 11, and 15) were adsorbed on TiO(2) and two types of ZrO(2) powders having average particle sizes of 20, 30, and 5 nm, respectively. Carboxyalkylphosphonic acids bind selectively via the phosphonate group, forming monolayers with pendant carboxylic acid groups. Whereas dipolar coupled P-OH protons are detected on TiO(2), there are only isolated residual P-OH groups on ZrO(2), reflecting the relative binding strengths of phosphonic acids on these two substrates. From a comparative (1)H MAS NMR study with an analogous monolayer system, HO(2)C(CH(2))(7)SH coated gold nanoparticles, the hydrogen-bonding network at the monolayer/air interface is found to be quite disordered, at least for SAMs deposited on nonplanar substrates. Whereas only hydrogen-bonded homodimers occur in the bulk diacids, hydrogen bonding between the carboxylic and phosphonic acid groups is present in multilayers of the diacids on the ZrO(2) nanopowder.

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