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Veterinary therapeutics : research in applied veterinary medicine

A comprehensive review of ceftiofur sodium and hydrochloride formulations for treatment of acute bovine foot rot.


PMID 12756639

Abstract

Seven well-controlled studies conducted under multiple management conditions demonstrated that ceftiofur, a late-generation veterinary parenteral cephalosporin, is effective for the treatment of bovine foot rot in beef and dairy cattle. Two preliminary dosage titration studies using a challenge model compared the efficacy of ceftiofur (1.1 mg or 2.2 mg ceftiofur equivalents [CE]/kg administered once daily for 3 days) with placebo. One preliminary clinical study evaluated the efficacy of ceftiofur sodium (1.0 mg CE/kg once daily for 3 days) in lactating dairy cows. Two clinical trials evaluated the efficacy of ceftiofur sodium versus placebo for naturally occurring foot rot, and two trials compared the efficacy of ceftiofur sodium or hydrochloride (1.0 mg CE/kg) with oxytetracycline (6.6 or 10 mg/kg), each administered once daily for 3 days, for treatment of acute foot rot in beef cattle. All trials demonstrated the efficacy of ceftiofur for treatment of acute bovine foot rot. Ceftiofur and oxytetracycline were comparable in efficacy, with ceftiofur having excellent injection-site tolerance and short or no milk discard or preslaughter withdrawal.

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34001
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