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Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry

Synthesis and antiproliferative activity of basic thioanalogues of merbarone.


PMID 12757725

Abstract

Three series of 5-substituted 1,3-diphenyl-6-(omega-dialkyl- and omega-cyclo-aminoalkyl)thio-2-thiobarbiturates (11-13) were synthesized as polysubstituted thioanalogues of merbarone, a topoisomerase II inhibitor acting on the catalytic site. To better understand pharmacophore requirements, a forth series of conformationally constrained analogues 14 was also prepared. Derivatives 11b,e, 14b,e,h,i,j were active in the low micromolar concentration range (IC(50): 3.3-4.3 microM), whereas compounds 11a,c,d,f,h,j and 13a,b,d,g,j and 14a,d,f showed IC(50) values between 10 and 15.5 microM. In contrast, compounds 12a-c,g-j, 13e,f,h and 14k were inactive. Cytotoxicity data provided from N.C.I. on selected compounds provided evidence that 11b,d, 13d,g and 14b,d,f,h,i,j were endowed with potent antiproliferative activity against leukemia and prostate cell lines (GI(50) up to 0.01 microM). In general, bicyclic derivatives 14 were up to 10-fold more potent than monocyclic counterparts against solid tumor-derived cell lines. SAR studies indicated that, in general, a certain tolerability in length of the alkyl side chains and in shape of distal amines is allowed in the four series, but in the monocyclic derivatives (11-13) antiproliferative activity was strongly affected by the nature of the 5-substituents (COOC(2)H(5)>COCH(3)>C(6)H(5)). Compounds 11b and 14b were also evaluated against KB cell subclones expressing altered levels of topoisomerases or the multidrug resistance phenotype (MDR). In both cases the above compounds showed a decrease in potency. In enzyme assays, 11b and 14b turned out to be inhibitors of topoisonerase II as merbaron.

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M2070
Merbarone, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C11H9N3O3S