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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

p38 MAP kinase negatively regulates angiotensin II-mediated effects on cell cycle molecules in human coronary smooth muscle cells.


PMID 12763029

Abstract

Many of the signaling events in VSMC stimulated by angiotensin II (AngII) are mediated by members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family, including p38 MAPK. The role of p38 MAPK in AngII-mediated cell cycle regulation is poorly understood. Therefore, we examined the involvement of p38 MAPK signaling in AngII-stimulated DNA synthesis, phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein (Rb), and expression of the G1-phase cyclin D1 in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CASMC). AngII (1 microM) stimulated p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 activation. Pretreatment with the p38 MAPK inhibitors SB203580 (10 microM) (SB) or SKF-86002 (10 microM) (SKF) potently inhibited AngII-induced p38 MAPK activation, but enhanced AngII-mediated ERK1/2 activation. AngII-induced-phosphorylation of Rb (Ser 795 and Ser 807/811), -cyclin D1 expression, and -DNA synthesis was also markedly enhanced by pharmacological inhibition of the p38 MAPK pathway. The present study demonstrates that p38 MAPK negatively regulates AngII-induced ERK1/2 activity, Rb phosphorylation, cyclin D1 expression, and DNA-synthesis in human CASMC. These findings support an important role for p38 MAPK in modulating AngII-mediated VSMC hyperplasia.

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S0193
SKF-86002, ≥98% (HPLC), solid
C16H12N3FS