Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN

Antagonism of VIP-stimulated cyclic AMP formation in chick brain.

PMID 12794310


Of eight peptides tested (0.01-5 microM), only two, that is, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP27) and chicken vasoactive intestinal peptide (cVIP), potently stimulated cyclic AMP (cAMP) production in cerebral cortical slices of the chick. Mammalian VIP (mVIP) showed some activity only at the highest dose tested, whereas truncated forms of PACAP or VIP, that is, PACAP6-27, cVIP6-28, and mVIP6-28, or hybrid compounds, that is, neurotensin6-11-cVIP7-28 (NT-cVIP) and neurotensin6-11-mVIP7-28 (NT-mVIP), were inactive. Thirty-minute preincubation of chick cortical slices with 5 microM PACAP6-27, NT-cVIP, or NT-mVIP competitively antagonized the cAMP effects of cVIP (0.03-1 microM), with the truncated form of PACAP being the best antagonist. Preincubation of slices with 5 microM mVIP6-28 also produced a significant inhibition of the cVIP (0.1-1 microM)-induced increase in cAMP production; however its action was independent of the concentration of cVIP. In contrast to mVIP6-28, cVIP6-28 showed no antagonistic activity against the full-length peptide. In parallel experiments, 30-min pretreatment of cortical slices with 5 microM PACAP6-27 significantly antagonized the PACAP38-evoked increase in cAMP formation, whereas mVIP6-28 or the NT-mVIP hybrid was ineffective. It has been concluded that in the chick brain, PACAP and cVIP stimulate cAMP biosynthesis via PAC1 and VPAC-type receptors, respectively, and PACAP6-27 seems to be the most potent, yet PACAP/VIP receptor-nonselective antagonist. Unlike truncated PACAP, the NT-VIP hybrid peptides tested may represent VPACtype receptor-selective blocking activity.