Experimental cell research

Generation and maintenance of synchrony in Saccharomyces cerevisiae continuous culture.

PMID 12799177


Cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown continuously produce an autonomous oscillation in many metabolic outputs. The most conveniently measured variable, i.e., dissolved oxygen concentration, oscillates with a period of 40-55 min. Previously we have identified two compounds capable of resetting phase, acetaldehyde and hydrogen sulfide. The phase-response curves constructed for acetaldehyde show a strong (Type 0) response at 3.0 mM and a weak (Type 1) response at 1.0 mM. Ammonium sulfide phase-response curves (pulse injected at 1.0 microM and 3.0 microM) revealed that sulfide is only an effective perturbation agent when endogenous sulfide concentrations are at a maximum. Also only Type 1 phase responses were observed. When the phase-response curve for sulfite (at 3.0 M) was constructed, phase responses were at a maximum at 60 degrees, indicating the possible involvement of sulfite in cell synchronization. It is concluded that endogenously produced acetaldehyde and sulfite tune the oscillation of mitochondrial energization state whereas sulfide mediates population synchrony.