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Chemistry and physics of lipids

Stereoselective synthesis of (6Z,10E,12Z)-octadeca-6,10,12-trienoic acid, (8Z,12E,14Z)-eicosa-8,12,14-trienoic acid, and their [1-14C]-radiolabeled analogs.


PMID 12818739

Abstract

To study the metabolic fate of conjugated linoleic acid isomers, we synthesized, in seven steps, from 1-heptyne, (6Z,10E,12Z)-octadeca-6,10,12-trienoic acid, (8Z,12E,14Z)-eicosa-8,12,14-trienoic acid, and their [1-(14)C]-analogs. In the case of (6Z,10E,12Z)-octadecatrienoic acid, a series of palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions between 1-heptyne and (E)-1,2-dichloro-ethene, a coupling reaction with a Grignard reagent and cleavage of the dioxolane gave (E)-dodec-4-en-6-ynal 3. Stereoselective Wittig reaction between aldehyde 3 and triphenyl-[5-(tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-pentyl]-phosphonium provided a dienyne. Stereocontrolled reduction of the triple bond and replacement of the tetrahydropyranyl group by a bromine gave (5Z,9E,11Z)-1-bromo-heptadeca-5,9,11-triene 10. Formation of the alkenyl lithium derivative and carbonation with CO(2) furnished (6Z,10E,12Z)-octadecatrienoic acid. (8Z,12E,14Z)-eicosa-8,12,14-trienoic acid was obtained by the same route but using triphenyl-[5-(tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-heptyl]-phosphonium iodide for the Wittig reaction. [1-(14)C]-analogs were obtained from the bromides by carbonation with (14)CO2. In all cases, chemical or radiochemical purities were found to be better than 95% after purification by flash chromatography on silica gel (>99% after additional purification by RP-HPLC). Metabolism studies in animals are in progress.

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244414
1-Heptyne, 98%
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