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Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

Sensitive and simple determination of the vasodilator agent dipyridamole in pharmaceutical preparations by phosphorimetry.


PMID 12830355

Abstract

The applicability of heavy atom-induced room-temperature phosphorescence to pharmaceutical samples is demonstrated in this work. Thus a new, simple, rapid, and selective phosphorimetric method for dipyridamole determination is proposed. The phosphorescence signals are a consequence of intermolecular protection when analytes are exclusively in the presence of heavy atom salts and sodium sulfite as an oxygen scavenger to minimize RTP quenching. The determination was performed in 0.1 mol L(-1) thallium(I) nitrate and 8 mmol L(-1) sodium sulfite at a measurement temperature of 20 degrees C. The phosphorescence intensity was measured at 635 nm, with excitation at 305 nm. Phosphorescence was easily developed; a linear concentration range was obtained between 0 and 100 ng mL(-1) with a detection limit of 940 ng L(-1), an analytical sensitivity of 2.5 ng mL(-1), and a standard deviation of 2.7% at 60 ng mL(-1) concentration. The method has been successfully applied to the analysis of dipyridamole in a unique Spanish commercial formulation containing 100 ng mL(-1) per capsule. The recovery was 101.6% with 6.5% standard deviation of analytical measurement. The method using the standard addition methodology has been validated.

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