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European journal of medicinal chemistry

Synthesis, physicochemical investigation and cytotoxic activity of new Pt(II) complexes with hydantoin ligands.


PMID 12832135

Abstract

The interaction of cis-dichlorodiaminplatinum(II) (cis-DDP) with 2,4-imidazolidenedione-5-methyl-5-phenyl was studied. The method of preparation of the new Pt(II) complex consisted in precipitation of chloride ions from cis-DDP via a diaqua complex and reaction with the ligand in water-organic media. On the basis of IR spectra, (1)H- and (13)C-NMR analysis the coordination mode of the ligand and most fitting structures of two isomeric complexes were proposed. The pharmacological investigations revealed that the new Pt(II) complex with 5-methyl-5-phenylhydantoin (PtMPH) as well as the previously described Pt(II) complexes with cyclopentanespiro-5'-hydantoin and cyclohexanespiro-5'-hydantoin (PtCHH) exerted concentration-dependent cytotoxic effect in a panel of human tumor cell lines. On the basis of the IC(50) values obtained PtMPH proved to be the most active cytotoxic agent. The other investigated complexes were less active, and among them PtCHH was the least potent antineoplastic agent. The pharmacodynamic investigation of PtMPH showed that this compound induces programmed cell death (apoptosis), as evidenced by the detection of oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation in HL-60 cells after treatment with PtMPH.

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