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Analytical sciences : the international journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry

A flow injection biosensor system for highly sensitive detection of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol based on preoxidation by ceric sulfate.


PMID 12834220

Abstract

A flow injection biosensor system was proposed for the highly sensitive detection of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP). The system is based on the preoxidation by ceric sulfate to the corresponding benzoquinone (2,6-dichloro-1,4-benzoquinone: 2,6-DC-1,4-BQ), which was characterized using cyclic voltammetry, hydrodynamic voltammetry, and UV-vis spectrophotometry. The laccase-based biosensor used in this analytical system responded sensitively to 2,4,6-TCP after the preoxidation by ceric sulfate. The response could be based on the bioelectrocatalytic recycling of oxidation product (2,6-DC-1,4-BQ) between laccase membrane and the electrode, because the oxidation product (2,6-DC-1,4-BQ) of 2,4,6-TCP was an electrochemically reversible redox species. The signal current was linearly related to the 2,4,6-TCP concentrations in a dynamic range of 2 nM - 2 microM; the slope and the y-intercept of the straight line were 1150 nA microM(-1) and 0.88 nA, respectively. The detection limit was 1.2 nM (S/N = 3) for a 20 microl injection. Among a variety of chlorophenols and some phenolic compounds, the only interferent was 2,4-dichlorophenol.

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359009
Cerium(IV) sulfate
CeO8S2