Ex vivo purging of leukemia cells using tumor-necrosis-factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

PMID 12835727


The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of tumor-necrosis-factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand TRAIL to eradicate leukemia cell lines, while sparing normal hematopoietic stem cells. Human Jurkat and Molt-4 cell lines were used to optimize the purging process in umbilical cord blood (UCB) mononuclear cells. The Jurkat cell line was TRAIL sensitive and TRAIL-resistant Molt-4 cell line became sensitive after being treated with TRAIL and a low dose of doxorubicin (0.1 micro M), but UCB mononuclear cells remained resistant. DR4 expression was increased when Jurkat cells were treated with TRAIL, and DR5 expression increased after exposing Molt-4 cells to TRAIL plus a low dose of doxorubicin for 24 h. The expression of DR4 and DR5 in UCB mononuclear cells was unchanged after treatment with TRAIL, a low-dose doxorubicin, or TRAIL plus a low dose of doxorubicin. In TRAIL-sensitive Jurkat cells, caspases 8, 9, 3, and 7 were activated by TRAIL treatment and activation of caspases was augmented by TRAIL plus a low dose of doxorubicin than TRAIL or a low dose of doxorubicin alone in Molt-4 cells. Experiments involving mixture of UCB mononuclear cells and Jurkat or Molt-4 cells showed a marked eradication of leukemia cells and the limiting dilution assay demonstrated an eradication rate of more than 4 logs after 24 h incubation with 100 ng/ml of TRAIL in Jurkat cells. In the case of Molt-4 cells, the eradication rate was about 3 logs when TRAIL was used in combination with a low dose of doxorubicin. No significant decrease in the number of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit) (CFU-GM) colonies was detected when UCB mononuclear cells were treated with TRAIL in combination with a low dose of doxorubicin. These results suggest that TRAIL offers the possibility of being used as an ex vivo purging agent for autologous transplantation in hematologic malignancies.

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MOLT-4, 85011413