Molecular biology of the cell

Inhibition of a Golgi complex lysophospholipid acyltransferase induces membrane tubule formation and retrograde trafficking.

PMID 12925777


Recent studies have suggested that formation of Golgi membrane tubules involves the generation of membrane-associated lysophospholipids by a cytoplasmic Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Herein, we provide additional support for this idea by showing that inhibition of lysophospholipid reacylation by a novel Golgi-associated lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase (LPAT) induces the rapid tubulation of Golgi membranes, leading in their retrograde movement to the endoplasmic reticulum. Inhibition of the Golgi LPAT was achieved by 2,2-dimethyl-N-(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)dodecanamide (CI-976), a previously characterized antagonist of acyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase. The effect of CI-976 was similar to that of brefeldin A, except that the coatomer subunit beta-COP remained on Golgi-derived membrane tubules. CI-976 also enhanced the cytosol-dependent formation of tubules from Golgi complexes in vitro and increased the levels of lysophosphatidylcholine in Golgi membranes. Moreover, preincubation of cells with PLA2 antagonists inhibited the ability of CI-976 to induce tubules. These results suggest that Golgi membrane tubule formation can result from increasing the content of lysophospholipids in membranes, either by stimulation of a PLA2 or by inhibition of an LPAT. These two opposing enzyme activities may help to coordinately regulate Golgi membrane shape and tubule formation.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

CI 976, >98% (HPLC), solid