Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Characterization of nucleotide pyrophosphatase-5 as an oligomannosidic glycoprotein in rat brain.

PMID 12927778


Membrane glycoproteins of neural cells play crucial roles in axon guidance, synaptogenesis, and neuronal transmission. We have here characterized membrane glycoproteins containing terminal alpha-mannose residues in rat brain membranes. Affinity purification using Galanthus nivalis agglutinin, that is highly specific for terminal alpha-mannose residues, revealed a 50-kDa protein as well as 80-kDa SHPS-1 and 45-kDa beta2 subunit of Na,K-ATPase in rat brain membranes. Combination of N-terminal peptide sequencing and mass spectrometry indicated that the 50-kDa protein was rat nucleotide pyrophosphatase-5 (NPP-5). In contrast to other NPPs, NPP-5 was a type-I transmembrane protein. Northern blot analysis showed that NPP-5 was highly expressed in brain, but also expressed in other peripheral tissues. However, we could not detect either the NPP activity or the lysophospholipase D activity in the immunoprecipitates with antibodies to NPP-5 from rat brain membranes. These data, therefore, suggest that NPP-5 is a neural oligomannosidic glycoprotein that may participate in neural cell communications.