Biological chemistry

Transcriptional silencing of the TFPI-2 gene by promoter hypermethylation in choriocarcinoma cells.

PMID 12956419


Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2), a Kunitz-type serine proteinase inhibitor associated with the extracellular matrix, has been shown to reduce tumor invasion. In the present study we identified the presence of a complete CpG island region spanning exon 1 and the three transcription initiation sites. We demonstrate that DNA demethylation by 5'-aza-2'-deoxycytidine restores TFPI-2 transcription in JAR choriocarcinoma cells. The effect of in vitro DNA methylation on TFPI-2 promoter function was also confirmed with TFPI-2/luciferase promoter constructs. Finally, we determined the precise methylation status of CpG sites of the TFPI-2 promoter in normal and tumor trophoblast cells using the bisulfite genomic sequencing method. We conclude that hypermethylation of the TFPI-2 gene is correlated with transcriptional silencing and that the TFPI-2 gene may be a candidate tumor suppressor gene.

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