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Human mutation

Human hepatic lipase mutations and polymorphisms.


PMID 1301939

Abstract

Human hepatic lipase (HL) is a 477 residue glycoprotein that hydrolyzes triglycerides from plasma lipoproteins. Familial HL deficiency is a rare recessive disorder that is characterized by premature atherosclerosis and abnormal circulating lipoproteins. While studying the HL gene from the world's index family with HL deficiency, we identified four coding sequence variants of HL, one in each of exons 4, 5, 6, and 8. In this report we present the genetic basis for two new HL gene variants, one in each of exons 3 and 5. All six HL DNA variants are single base pair changes. Two variants (at codons 133 and 202) are diallelic DNA polymorphisms that are silent at the amino acid level. One variant (V73M) is an allele that defines an uncommon HL isoprotein. One variant (N193S) has two alleles of approximately equal frequency in the population that specify two common HL isoproteins. Two variants (S267F and T383M) are rare mutations found to date only in HL deficient subjects and their relatives. Of the six HL variants described to date, only S267F and T383M are associated with hyperlipidemia.

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