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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Different distribution of endothelin receptor subtypes in pulmonary tissues revealed by the novel selective ligands BQ-123 and [Ala1,3,11,15]ET-1.


PMID 1310013

Abstract

We have demonstrated the different distribution of two distinct endothelin (ET) receptor subtypes in porcine pulmonary tissues using a radioligand binding assay. The clear differentiation of the subtypes was made possible by the discovery of two compounds, BQ-123 and [Ala1,3,11,15]ET-1 (4AlaET-1), that are highly selective for ETA and ETB receptors, respectively. In the bronchus and lung parenchyma, BQ-123 inhibited 65% and 30% of [125I]ET-1 binding on the sensitive sites, while 4AlaET-1 displaced 25% and 60%, respectively. The combination of the two compounds completely inhibited ET-1 binding in both tissues. An autoradiographic study of [125I]ET-1 binding using BQ-123 and 4AlaET-1 also supported the different localization of two ET receptor subtypes in pulmonary tissues. In particular, the blood vessels and bronchi are rich in ETA, but the lung parenchyma is rich in ETB.

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E6877
[Ala1,3,11,15]-Endothelin 1
C109H163N25O32S