Biochemical pharmacology

Fructose-1,6-diphosphate inhibits platelet activation.

PMID 1314605


Fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) is a physiological product which exhibits pharmacological properties. This study shows that FDP (1-3 mM) inhibits platelet aggregation induced by the agonists thrombin, vasopressin, platelet activating factor, ADP, adrenaline, arachidonate and the stable thromboxane analogue U 44069. Thrombin-promoted ATP secretion and cytosolic Ca2+ rise are also drastically inhibited by FDP, which decreases, although to a lesser extent, the protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of the 47 kDa protein. The inhibition on thrombin-induced aggregation is shared, albeit less efficiently, by glucose-1,6-diphosphate and fructose-2,6-diphosphate but not by other phosphorylated monosaccharides (fructose-1:2 cyclic,6-diphosphate, glucose-1- and glucose-6-phosphate, fructose-1- and fructose-6-phosphate, mannose-6-phosphate and 5-phosphoryl ribose-1-pyrophosphate). FDP does not affect platelet activation induced by the protein kinase C activators dioctanoylglycerol or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. No increase of cAMP concentration is observed in FDP-treated platelets. Altogether, these results indicate that FDP inhibits platelet activation at a level preceding phospholipase C. The data are consistent with a general inhibitory action of FDP on signal transmission.

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68872 D-Fructose-1,2-cyclic-6-bisphosphate sodium salt, ≥90%
C6H12O11P2 · xNa+