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Journal of chromatography

Discriminative affinity labelling of opioid receptors by enkephalin and morphiceptin analogues containing 3-nitro-2-pyridinesulphenyl-activated thiol residues.


PMID 1325466

Abstract

The thiol groups of leucinthiol, cysteamine and cysteine incorporated into opioid peptides enkephalin and morphiceptin were activated by the 3-nitro-2-pyridinesulphenyl (Npys) group to form mixed disulphides highly reactive to a free thiol. Enkephalin analogues containing Npys-leucinthiol or -cysteine at positions 4, 5 and 6 exhibited high affinities for both mu and delta receptors, while morphiceptin analogues containing Npys-cysteine at positions 4 and 5 showed relatively weak affinity only for mu receptors. When these S-activated opioid peptides were incubated with rat brain membrane preparations, it was found, by binding assay using radiolabelled and non-labelled [D-Ala2,MePhe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin, that they label mu opioid receptors in a dose-dependent manner. The concentrations required to label half of the receptors were 0.2-2 microM for enkephalins and 10-30 microM for morphiceptins. These results suggested that the thiol group labelled by S-activated enkephalins and morphiceptins is present in the ligand binding site of receptor protein, but not in GTPase-binding protein.

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303232
3-Nitro-2-pyridinesulfenyl chloride, 95%
C5H3ClN2O2S