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Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics

Model for the porphyrin-DNA binding site: ENDOR investigations of Cu-porphyrins binding to DNA.


PMID 1326280

Abstract

Proton ENDOR has been observed from frozen solutions (ca. 38K degrees) of copper meso-(4-N-tetra-methylpyridyl)porphyrin (CuTMpyP(4)) complexed with Salmon sperm DNA in water and D2O. Lines from exchangeable protons of the DNA bases have been observed in these ENDOR spectra. Analyses of these ENDOR data show that the separations of these DNA protons from the copper atom are between 3.76 and 3.84 A with angles of 19.5 to 22.5 degrees between the Cu-H vectors and the gz axis. A distant ENDOR response has also been observed from phosphorous nuclei in the DNA backbone. We estimate that the phosphorous atoms producing this ENDOR signal are 7.5-10 A from the copper center of the porphyrin. These ENDOR data combined with results from an earlier NMR investigation have been used to construct a computer simulated model of the binding site in which the porphyrin is partially intercalated and extends into the major groove of DNA. The two GC base pairs at this site are slightly inequivalent. For each, the G imino proton and one of the C amino protons are at appropriate positions to account for the ENDOR signals arising from exchangeable protons. It is unlikely that this inequivalence would persist at room temperature where dynamic processes would give an apparently symmetric interaction. Although the model accounts for all reported experimental data involving tetracationic porphyrin species which have been suggested to be intercalators, it is not a unique solution.

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252182
5,10,15,20-Tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphine copper(II)
C44H28CuN4