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The Journal of biological chemistry

Regulatory effects of platelet-derived growth factor-AA homodimer on migration of vascular smooth muscle cells.


PMID 1331068

Abstract

Migration of medial smooth muscle cells (SMC) into the intima is important in intimal thickening of atherosclerotic tissues. To study the functions of three isoforms of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in atherosclerosis, we investigated their effects on SMC migration by Boyden's chamber method. Although PDGF-AB and PDGF-BB enhanced SMC migration dose-dependently, PDGF-AA did not enhance SMC migration, but instead inhibited SMC migration induced by PDGF-AB or PDGF-BB. PDGF-AA also inhibited SMC migration induced by two other migration factors, fibronectin and SMC-derived migration factor. PDGF-AA is considered to be coexpressed with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 in atherosclerotic tissues. Treatment of SMC with TGF-beta 1 reduced an autocrine migration activity from SMC. Studies using anti-PDGF antibody revealed that an increased secretion of PDGF-AA by TGF-beta 1 caused the reduced migration activity. cAMP increase by forskolin and dibutyryl cAMP suppressed SMC migration, whereas cAMP decrease by pertussis toxin had no effects on PDGF-AA-suppressed migration. In contrast, staurosporine, an inhibitor of protein kinase C, enhanced SMC migration and neutralized the inhibitory effect of PDGF-AA. These findings suggest that PDGF-AA regulates SMC migration in intimal thickening in atheroma formation and that protein kinase C may play an important role in the inhibitory mechanism of PDGF-AA.

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