Regulatory peptides

Modulation by neurotensin and neuromedin N of adherence and chemotaxis capacity of murine lymphocytes.

PMID 1333624


The action of neurotensin and related peptides has not been yet studied on lymphocytes, although there are studies indicating the stimulative action of neurotensin, a peptide first isolated from bovine hypothalamus, on different functions of phagocytic immune cells. The present study demonstrates that neurotensin and a related peptide, neuromedin N, increased significantly the adherence and chemotaxis capacity of murine peritoneal lymphocytes, when they were incubated in the presence of neuropeptide concentrations between 10(-9) M and 10(-12) M. With respect to their adherence capacity, neuromedin N showed a slightly higher stimulation than neurotensin at a shorter time. However, both neuropeptides stimulated the chemotaxis capacity in a similar percentage. The study of the action mechanisms of these neuropeptides showed that intracellular cAMP levels were not modified by neurotensin or neuromedin N, but using an extracellular calcium chelator, EGTA (1 mM), and a blocker of calcium channels in endoplasmic reticulum, ryanodine (0.5 mM), we observed that neurotensin and neuromedin N could produce their effects through an augmentation of the intracellular Ca2+ concentration. As adherence and chemotaxis are initial processes of immune response, the results show that both neuropeptides may be physiological modulators of the lymphocyte function.

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SCP0200 Neuromedin N