Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals

Pharmacokinetics of 2-ethyl-1,3-hexanediol. II. Nonsystemic disposition following single percutaneous or peroral doses in Fischer 344 rats.

PMID 1346998


The pharmacokinetics of [1,3-14C]-2-ethyl-1,3-hexanediol (EHD) were investigated following single percutaneous doses of 150 mg/kg, applied to male and female Fischer 344 rats, or single peroral doses of 1.5 or 150 mg EHD/kg given by gavage to male Fischer 344 rats. EHD-derived radioactivity was slowly absorbed through skin and relatively rapidly excreted through the urine in a first-order manner over 48 hr postdosing. Skin penetration of 14C was sufficiently slow that the terminal rate constant for the plasma concentration data had to be derived from the absorption phase of this curve, based on the terminal rate constant for a comparable intravenous dose plasma curve [Frantz et al.: Drug Metab. Dispos. 19, 881 (1991)]. Plasma data from perorally doses rats exhibited dose-linearity over a 1.5-150 mg/kg range, with plasma 14C concentration vs. time plots for oral doses of EHD resembling the iv time-course data. This resulted from a very rapid absorption phase (5.5 min t1/2), with plasma 14C levels for both dose levels decreasing in a biexponential manner. The major route of excretion after peroral doses was in urine, making this mode of excretion consistent for both routes of administration evaluated in this study and including the doses given in previous iv work. Kinetic analysis confirmed that this route of excretion was first-order. HPLC analysis of urine from both routes demonstrated that EHD was metabolized and excreted as at least two major, water-soluble urinary metabolites; these metabolites were not identified in this investigation. No unmetabolized EHD was detected in urine, indicating that EHD may be completely metabolized in the rat. Overall, EHD was absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated from the Fischer rat in a first-order manner following either cutaneous or peroral doses. The results of this study indicate that the kinetic patterns observed experimentally will be dose-proportional for doses administered in the range of 1.5-150 mg/kg.

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2-Ethyl-1,3-hexanediol, 97%, Mixture of isomers