European journal of pharmacology

Long-term alteration in the central monoaminergic systems of the rat by 2,4,5-trihydroxyamphetamine but not by 2-hydroxy-4,5-methylenedioxymethamphetamine or 2-hydroxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine.

PMID 1358654


The long-term effects of three metabolites of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) on the central monoaminergic systems of the rat were examined. Seven days after the intracerebroventricular administration of 0.25 and 0.5 mumol 2,4,5-trihydroxyamphetamine, hippocampal tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) activity was reduced to 5 and 1% of control, respectively, while norepinephrine (NE) concentration was depressed to 10 and 18% of control. These two respective dosages also decreased striatal tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity to 67 and 10% of control, respectively, while nigral TH activity was reduced to 59 and 20% of control. Striatal TPH activity was reduced to 74 and 81% of control, respectively, while the activity in the dorsal and median raphe remained unaltered. The intracerebroventricular administration of 1 mumol 2-hydroxy-4,5-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (6-OH-MDMA) failed to alter TPH activity, TH activity or NE concentration after 14 days. In contrast, 1 mumol of 2-hydroxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine (6-OH-MDA) induced a 30% increase in striatal TPH activity and a 50% increase in nigral TH activity. The study of the formation of 2,4,5-trihydroxyamphetamine after MDMA treatment may provide insight as to how MDMA destroys serotonergic nerve terminals.