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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Action pattern of Bacillus sp. no. 7-M chitosanase on partially N-acetylated chitosan.


PMID 1368330

Abstract

The hydrolyzate of partially N-acetylated chitosan by Bacillus sp. No. 7-M chitosanase was separated by gel filtration on Bio-Gel P-2. Sugar compositions and sequences of the oligosaccharides were identified by exo-splitting with beta-GlcNase, fast atom bombardment mass spectroscopy, and proton NMR spectroscopy. In addition to chitooligosaccharides, (GlcN)2, (GlcN)3, and (GlcN)4, hetero-chitooligosaccharides such as (GlcN)2.GlcNAc.(GlcN)2, GlcN.GlcNAc.(GlcN)3, (GlcN)2.GlcNAc.(GlcN)3, and GlcN.GlcNAc.(GlcN)4 were detected. These results indicate that Bacillus sp. No. 7-M chitosanase is absolutely specific toward the GlcN.GlcN bonds in partially N-acetylated chitosan and at least three GlcN residues were necessary to the hydrolysis of chitosan by chitosanase.