The Journal of biological chemistry

Characterization of a novel tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced endothelial primary response gene.

PMID 1370465


The response of endothelial cells to the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) is complex, involving the induction and suppression of multiple genes and gene products. Differential screening of a TNF-stimulated, cycloheximide-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cell library has resulted in the cloning of several novel cDNAs whose protein products are involved in the primary response of the endothelium to TNF. One of these cDNAs, designated B12, is further characterized here. B12 is encoded by a 3.5-kilobase transcript and is induced rapidly and transiently by TNF. Transcript expression is found to be developmentally regulated in a tissue-specific manner, with B12 message being differentially expressed in the heart and liver during mouse embryogenesis. The open reading frame of B12 predicts a 316-amino acid sequence rich in charged residues, particularly at the carboxyl terminus, and has neither significant homology to other known proteins nor to any extent sequence motifs. B12 is found to be a highly conserved single-copy gene which is located in the q22----q23 region of human chromosome 17. Polyclonal antibodies raised against a large portion of the B12 open reading frame immunoprecipitate a 36-kilodalton polypeptide from wheat germ lysates programmed to translate in vitro transcribed B12 mRNA. The B12 protein is further shown to be induced in human umbilical vein endothelial cells by TNF, and the protein is shown to be rapidly degraded.