Biochimica et biophysica acta

The use of oligonucleotide probes containing 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoronucleosides for regiospecific cleavage of RNA by RNase H from Escherichia coli.

PMID 1371935


Protected 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorouridine and 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorocytidine suitable for incorporation into oligonucleotides via the phosphoramidite approach have been prepared. Five modified and two unmodified oligonucleotides have been synthesized to investigate the regiospecific cleavage of a 5S RNA from Escherichia coli by RNase H. In order to show whether the modified oligonucleotides are able to hybridize with the RNA the physico-chemical properties (melting curves, CD spectra) of analogous DNA/oligodeoxyribonucleotide duplexes have been examined. The modified oligonucleotides are shown to form stable duplexes with a DNA-matrix which exist in an A-like form. Two of the modified probes containing four 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorocytidines or two 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorouridines direct the splitting by RNase H of only one phosphodiester bond of the RNA.