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Biology of reproduction

A comparison of the frequency and type of chromosomal abnormalities in human sperm after different sperm capacitation conditions.


PMID 1391331

Abstract

Human sperm karyotypes can be prepared after fusion of human sperm with Golden hamster oocytes. Most laboratories use one of two methods of sperm capacitation: incubation of freshly-ejaculated sperm in Biggers, Whitten, and Whittingham (BWW) medium for 5-7 h at 37 degrees C or sperm storage in (N-tris [hydroxymethyl]methyl-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid; 2-([2-hydroxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)ethyl]amino)ethanesulfonic acid) (TES)-Tris yolk buffer (TYB) for 1-3 days at 4 degrees C. Since there have been conflicting reports as to whether there is a difference in the frequency of structural chromosomal abnormalities between BWW capacitation and storage in TYB for 2 days, we analyzed a larger number of karyotypes (8974) from 136 donors to determine if there was any difference in the frequency or type of chromosomal abnormalities in sperm treated by fresh BWW capacitation, storage in TYB for 1 day (TYB-1), or storage in TYB for 2 days (TYB-2). There was no difference in the frequency of numerical chromosomal abnormalities or sex ratio in any of the three treatment groups. However, there was a significantly increased frequency of structural chromosomal abnormalities after storage in TYB-1 and TYB-2. There was no difference in the frequency or type of structural chromosomal abnormalities after sperm storage in TYB-1 compared to TYB-2.