Journal of chromatography

Improved and simplified tissue extraction method for quantitating long-chain acyl-coenzyme A thioesters with picomolar detection using high-performance liquid chromatography.

PMID 1400734


A method has been developed that permits rapid and easy tissue extraction of long-chain acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) thioesters with sensitive quantitation by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Tissue homogenants are extracted using a reserve Bligh-Dyer technique, and long-chain acyl-CoA esters are harvested in the methanolic aqueous phase. Complex lipids and phospholipids are removed in the chloroform-rich organic Bligh-Dyer second phase, and long-chain acyl-CoA compounds are further purified from the methanolic aqueous Bligh-Dyer first phase on C18 extraction columns after removal of the methanol. The eluted and purified acyl-CoA esters are then quantitated by RP-HPLC using heptadecanoyl-CoA as an internal standard resulting in a detector sensitivity of about 12 pmol. Ten long-chain acyl-CoA esters from C12:0 to C20:4 were identified and separated from canine renal cortex and murine liver samples. The predominant acyl-CoA peaks from both kidney and liver were 14:0, 16:1, 16:0, 18:1, 18:2 and 20:4. Murine liver also produced 18:0 and all peaks disappeared after alkaline hydrolysis of the samples. This extraction and quantitation technique can successfully be used for tissue samples as small as 20 mg, and many samples can be processed in a short period of time. The simplicity of the extraction procedure and the sensitivity of the assay make this an attractive alternative approach to quantitating long-chain acyl-CoA thioesters from complex biological samples such as tissues.

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n-Heptadecanoyl coenzyme A lithium salt, ≥90%